MOUNT VERNON — Southern black women operating as spies, scouts, couriers and guides were willing and able to offer enormous support to Union military personnel and operations. With a deep devotion to a war they pushed to be one of emancipation, and often relying upon Southern prejudices that ignored the intelligence of black women, they were able to provide invaluable covert assistance to the Union military. Harriet Tubman was the best known of these women.

This coming Thursday, April 28, Dr. Annette Jefferson, an amazing speaker, will once again grace the Chautauqua stage and bring to life the contributions of not only Tubman but many of the black women few of us knew about but were just as important.

The program will be held in the lower level at the Grand Hotel (12 Public Square in downtown Mount Vernon). The facility is accessible to those with special needs, who will be helped to their seats by Elixir Presents volunteers if needed.

Doors open at 6 p.m. and program starts at 7 p.m. with music of the era presented by local group FolkTails. After the presentation by Annette, she will open up the program to questions from the audience.

The Chautauqua Series is organized and brought to you by Elixir Presents, the Grand Hotel and supported in part by a generous grant provided by the Ariel Foundation. These programs bring year round living history to our community and are presented on a donation basis. All donations go directly to the performers.

For more information about this and upcoming presentations, please visit, or call 740-392-3018. To receive a “Gentle Reminder” email on the Sunday before each program, contact Mike Petee at


Mount Vernon News: 740-397-5333 or and on Twitter, @mountvernonnews