As June began in 1918, the German Spring Offensive continued, with the Germans pushing toward the Marne River. They reached the north bank of the Marne, only 59 miles from Paris, where they were held by the U.S. Third Division.
The Germans veered to their right and, on June 1, advanced into Belleau Wood. The U.S. 2nd Division, including a brigade of Marines, was deployed along either side of the Paris-Metz highway.
The evening of June 1, the French line to the left was breached and more U.S. infantry and Marines rushed up to plug the gap. Although the Marines were not the only U.S. forces involved, the ensuing battle would add several incidents to Marine lore.